The Noun is most basic part of parts of speech. If you want to learn the parts of speech thoroughly or if you want to improve your Grammar skills, first you have to learn it. So let’s start the first part of English Grammar lesson.
What’s a noun?
Definition- The nouns are used as the name of a person, place, thing or animal. It means anything situated in this world in these categories, are called nouns.
Examples- House, Mango, Tree, Tiger, Country, India, Sachin Tendulkar etc.
types of the noun with examples
According to Traditional classification, there are five types of noun.
1) Common Noun- It is the name of a person, thing or place of some class or kind.
Example- Boy, Girl, Teacher, School, Dog etc
2) Proper Noun- It is the name of a particular person, animal, place or thing.
Example- India, Ganga, Landon, Narendra Modi etc
3) Collective noun- It is the name of a collection of person, thing or animal and we speak them as a group or bunch.
Example- Fleet, Audience, Class, Committee, Mob, Furniture, Army, Family, Flook, Luggage, Cattle, Crowd etc.
4) Abstract noun- It is the name of something which can not be seen or touched, like any idea, feeling, quality, concept or state are called an abstract noun.
Example- Beauty, Love, Hunger, Happiness, Cholera, Peace, Childhood, Sadness, Lide, Truth, Music, Birth, Anger, Sleep, Honesty, Death, Youth etc.
5) Material noun- It is the name of a matter or substance which can be measured or weighed but cannot be count.
Example- Oil, Water, Gold, Pulse etc
Note- According to modern classification there are three types of noun, which are 1. proper noun, 2. countable noun, and 3. uncountable noun.
How to recognize a noun?
if Some extension like ‘hood’, ‘ity’, ‘ation’, ‘ment’, ‘er’, ‘ness’, etc is ending to a word, then you can instantly call is a noun.
Possessive form of noun-
A noun with apostrophe and ‘s’, which includes possession or relation, known as a possessive form of it.
Example- This is Ram’s house
This is Ram’s house.
He is Sita’s father.
Note- we always use an apostrophe and ‘s’ only with living things.
If we use an apostrophe with nonliving things it will be considered as a wrong sentence.
The car’s horn ×
The book’s price is 10 rupees. ×
For lifeless thing, we use of.
The price of the book is 10 rupees. √
The horn of the car is soundless. √
Number of nouns-
There are two kinds of numbers.
We are showing some examples to convert the singular number to plural number.
- Adding ‘+S’
- Adding ‘+es’ (when s, ss, sh, ch, x, dge is there at the end)
- Adding ‘o+es’ (when ‘o’ is there and before ‘o’ there must be a consonant)
- Adding ‘ves’ (when f/fee is there at the end)
- Adding ‘s’ (when f/fe is there at the end)
- Adding ‘ies’ (when y is there at the end and before y a consonant must be there)
- Adding ‘s’ (when y is there at the end and before y there must be a vowel)
- Examples of some irregular plural.
- Examples of some Compound nouns.
- Some singular nouns and plural nouns are same
- Some nouns are always used as a singular.
For example- News, Furniture, Information, Physics, Mathematics, Scenery, Politics, Advice etc.
- Some nouns are always plural.
For example- People, Police, Cattle, Scissors, Spectacles, Trousers, Clothes, Thanks etc.
Noun has four types of gender-
1) Masculine gender- Male
2) Feminine gender- Female
3) Common gender- It denotes both male and female. (Friend, Teacher, Thief, Professor)
4) Neuter gender- It denotes lifeless things. (Watch, House, Door, Bat)
Here are some examples of changing muscular gender to feminine gender.
- Remove vowel and adding ‘ess’
Also, read- Top 10 best methods to speak English fluently.
— Vocab Adda (@Vocabadda365) August 20, 2017