Hello Students, today we are going to publish 5 important Preposition Rules which are very important for your Exams and will improve your English. Preposition is one of the most important section of Parts of speech.
Also, learn Preposition definition with example sentences
5 Important Preposition Rules With Examples
Usually a Preposition is used before its object but in the following case it is used after its object.
A) When the object in the interrogative pronoun is understood.
- What are you waiting for?
- Whom are you talking about?
B) When the object of the preposition is a relative pronoun ‘that’
- This is the car that I have been looking for.
- This is the place which she always talk about.
C) If an infinite qualifies a noun, the preposition should used after the infinitive, if needed.
- My father gave me money to spend.
- He gave me a pencil to write with.
According to the rule preposition is used after the following verbs when these verbs used in active voice.
Stress, Emphasis, Discuss, Concern, Regret, Lack, Affect, Ensure, Describe, Sign, Board, Befall, Order, Direct, Join, Eschew, Enter, Resist, Invade, Attack, Resist, Invade, Resign, Reach, Succeed, Pervade,Resemble, Demand, Consider, Accompany, Comprise, Investigate, etc.
- The coach emphasised the the need of discipline in the sport.
- The team is comprised of eleven member.
- India has never attacked any country.
The correct use of rob’ fine, inform, explain, recommend, compensate, suggest, propose, in relation to objects.
- Rob a person of something.
- Fine someone some rupees.
- Inform someone of something.
- Explain something to a person.
- Recommend or suggest or propose to someone.
- Compensate someone for something.
- The company will compensate us for the loss.
- The school fined me ten rupees for absent.
Uses of Preposition before particular words.
A) Travel, Movement
a. from, to, at, in, by, on, into, off, out
- He travel daily from Chennai to Bangalore.
- They always travel by his car.
b. Arrive at/in, Get to
- The train arrived in Mumbai at 9 AM.
- He went to the bus stand late.
B) Above and Over
‘Above’ and ‘over’ mean higher than but over can also mean covering on the other side of, across, from one side to other.
- There is a foot bridge over the road.
- I have friends all over the world.
C) Under and Below
a. ‘below’, ‘under’mean lower than but ‘under’ can indicate contact. However ‘below’ is used when there is a space between the two surface.
- He used to keep money under the bed.
- They live below my friend.
D) Time and Date
( Use at, on, by, in ) at dusk. Like at noon, at dawn, at midnight, at night, in/on the evening etc.
- We left the house in the evening.
- He always wake up in the morning.
Uses of some prepositions.
‘By’ and ‘With’
‘By’ is used for doer of action and ‘with’ is used to denote the instrument.
- He struck the cat with a iron stick.
- A dog was struck by him.
‘Than’ and ‘But’
‘Than’ and ‘but’ are usually conjunction but they sometime they are used as a preposition.
- I can’t find a better player than you.
- I didn’t get anything else but a ball.
‘Between’ and ‘Among’
‘Between’ is used while referring two person/things and ‘among’ is used while referring to more than two person or things.
- They divided the property equally between themselves.
- There are five friends divided the food among themselves.
‘From’ and ‘Between’
‘From’ is normally used with to/till/until and ‘Between’ is used with ‘and’.
- I worked in the office from 10 AM to 4 PM.
- The game will be played between 7 PM and 9 PM.
‘Before’ and ‘Ago’
‘Before’ denotes the preceding action and it can also be used in the place of ‘Ago’ and ‘Ago’ refers to the past action.
- He left his home two days ago/before.
- He have left the city before he completed his education.
‘In’ and ‘At’
‘In’ refers to big place like city and countries and ‘At’ is used for the small places.
- He lives in Mumbai.
- We live at JSR.
‘On and ‘Upon’
‘on’ denotes position and ‘Upon’ denotes ‘movement.
- The mobile is on the table.
- She throw the book upon the table.
These are the 5 important Preposition Rules which are very important for your examination. Read all the Preposition Rules carefully to improve your English.